Carole Maczkovics

Member of the Brussels Bar since 2008, Carole Maczkovics graduated from the University of Liège. She also holds an LLM from King’s College London.

Carole specializes in public economic law and mainly works on EU driven regulatory issues. Her expertise covers regulation, competition law, in particular, State aid, and public contracts with Belgian and EU authorities (subsidies, public procurement, concessions, management contracts, etc.). She has acquired a solid expertise by advising both public institutions or undertakings and private entities on projects of strategic importance. Carole further assists clients in administrative and judicial proceedings on complex State aid, public procurement and regulatory matters before the European Commission as well as before Belgian and EU Courts.

Carole is also particularly knowledgeable about regulated network industries, such as transport (railways and airways), telecom, postal services and energy. Before joining the Bar, Carole was an expert in the team of the federal minister of transport, where she was in charge of the regulation relating to rail and air transport. Carole was designated as government commissioner to control the conformity of a public undertaking’s decisions with the law, the organic statutes and the management contract.

Carole Maczkovics was also fellow researcher at the University of Liège in European and international law within the air transport and postal sectors.  

She is part of our European law, competition, distribution and market practice team. Carole acts as a visiting lecturer for the application of competition law and regulation in the railway sector at King's College London. She is also part of the scientific committee of a Belgian journal dedicated to the law of network industries. She has published many articles on network industries and on State aid law, and contributes to conferences and seminars on a regular basis.



European law, competition, distribution and market practice, State aid, Regulation of network industries (rail and air transport), postal services, energy and telecommunications), Public procurement law, law of concessions, administrative law. 



  • "The Fourth Railway Package: The Next Stop on The Journey To Liberalisation", CoRe, 2, 2017, 115

  • General Court (Third Chamber), 10 May 2016, T-47/15, Federal Republic of Germany v European Commission (State aid through the promotion of electricity production from renewable energy) - Annotation, Revue du droit des industries de réseau, Kluwer, 4/ 2016, 339

  • Court of Justice of the European Union (Grand Chamber), 6 October 2015, C-303/13P, European Commission v Jørgen Andersen (State aid to a Railway undertaking) - Annotation, Revue du droit des industries de réseau, Kluwer, n° 1, 2016, 86

  • "The New Utilities Public Procurement Directive: a tool to foster competition among suppliers for efficient purchasing?”, co-authored with Katrien Miclotte, Revue du droit des industries de réseau, 3/2015, 319

  • Fasten your seat belts: EC scrutinises aggressive tax planning, co-authored with Pr. Dr M. Delanotte, Dr B. B. Bouyssière, O. Carron, Bloomberg BNA, 3/2014, 7-9

  • "The fourth railway package: double track competition?", Revue du droit des industries de réseau, 3/2014, 269-283

  • "Charges for the use of railway infrastructure: time for action", Revue du droit des industries de réseau, 2/2014, 209-223

  • Note sous Arrêt de la Cour de Justice de l'Union européenne du 3 avril 2014, dans l'affaire C-559/12 P, République française c. Commission européenne (garantie illimitée à La Poste), Revue du droit des industries de réseau, Kluwer, n° 3, 2014, 370

  • "State aid control as a tool for EU design of services of general economic interest", in DLA Piper, Like an incoming tide, A review of the EU's regulatory agenda, 2012, 67-71

  • "Remedies in Rail-related Services", European Competition Law Review, 3/2012, 116-123

  • "Le financement du secteur ferroviaire par des subventions croisées en environnement concurrentiel", Revue de droit des transports, 2011, 16-22

  • "The Railways at the Crossroads of Liberalisation and Public Service", European Public Private Partnership Law Review, 1/2009, 26-41

  • "Les arrêts open skies de la Cour de justice : l'abandon de la compétence externe implicite de la Communauté?", co-authored with Pr. F. DEHOUSSE, Journal des Tribunaux - Droit Européen, 2003, n°102, 225-235

  • "L’ouverture du marché postal, réglementation européenne et application en Belgique", co-authored with Pr. F. DEHOUSSE, CRISP, 2002, n°1749-1750

She is a co-author of studies commissioned by the European Commission: